Q: What is the contribution of agriculture to Cambodia’s GDP?

A: Within the sector, crop production has the largest output contribution to total national GDP at 13.0%, followed by fisheries (5.5%), livestock (2.6%), and forestry (1.6%). However, the growth of agriculture value-added has been limited (0.85% annually, on average) since 2013 due to the long-term low labour productivity, lack of rice milling facilities, the downturn in international commodity prices and adverse weather conditions

Q: What is the share of agriculture’s products to Cambodia’s GDP?

A: The share of agriculture value-added to the total GDP averaged around 30% during 2000−2014 but fell to 22.1% in 2019

Q: What are Cambodia’s main exports of agriculture products?

A: The majority of the country’s agriculture exports are still in raw form and heavily dependent on crops. The main export products are rice and rubber, with an increasing share of cassava. From 2010 to 2018, the biggest reduction of export value was seen in maize.

Q: How are Cambodian agriculture products processed?

A: Only about 10% of Cambodia’s total agricultural outputs are processed within the country, whereas processed agricultural exports represent only 8% of total official exports by value. Other than rice milling and basic processing of rubber and pepper, the agro-processing sector is largely underdeveloped.

Q: Which areas in Cambodia produce agricultural crops? Where are Cambodia’s main agricultural areas?

A: Regions surround the Mekong and the Tonle Sap river, with particularly intensive cultivation in BatambangKampong Cham, Takeo, and Prey Veng provinces.

Q: What are Geographical Indication (GI) products of Cambodia?

A: The Geographical Indication in Cambodia are

  • Kampot Pepper
  • Kampong Speu Palm Sugar
  • Kratie Pomelo Fruit

Q: What is the size of Cambodia’s wetland/agriculture compared to its total net area? How much agricultural land does Cambodia have?

A: Cambodia’s wetlands cover about 30% of the country and support one of the world’s biggest, most diverse, and intensive freshwater fisheries. 

Q: Are there fisheries in Cambodia? Is there aquaculture in Cambodia?

A: Definitely there are fisheries in Cambodia. Aquaculture production is estimated at 207,443 tons annually in 2017, which is equivalent to 24% of all fisheries production. 

Q: What are export destinations for Cambodian fisheries products/fish exports?

A: Cambodia exports fresh and processed fish (in smoked and frozen forms) to Hong Kong, China; Malaysia; the Republic of Korea; Singapore; Thailand; and Viet Nam. However, the largest volumes by far are informal or unrecorded flows of fresh or dried fish trucked to Thailand, especially from the Tonle Sap region. There is enormous potential to add value to the national fish catch by processing fish at or near the source. This can range from making sauces, fillets, and packaged or convenience meals.

Q: Is there freezing plant or cold chain facilities in Cambodia?

A: There are few freezing plants or cold chain facilities in the country. There are no industrial-scale commercial exporters transporting frozen fish products in reefer containers from Sihanoukville or shipping fresh fish from Phnom Penh. Cambodia could tap into overseas markets, such as China, EU, US or the food security needs of Southeast Asian countries.

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